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Abstract

A REVIEW OF VATA RAKT (GOUT) AND ITS MANAGEMENT IN AYURVEDA

Divya Singh Charan*, Pramod Kumar Mishra and Indu Sharma

ABSTRACT

The Expeditious modernization in Republic of India, Nutriment culture, speedy and disagreeable life, Urbanisation are the markers for prevalence of Vatarakta. These days people are vulnerable to several disorders due to their altered life style and sickening dietary habits. Among such metabolic disorders Vatarakta is one in all them. Vatarakta is additional distressing and common metabolic disorder wherever in pain is predominant symptoms, which disturbs day –today lifetime of patients. It is a Vatapradhana Tridoshaja Vyadhi wherever Rakta is main Dushya. Vitiated Dosha Sammurchana gets domicile completely different joints of body inflicting swelling, pain, redness, odema in joints. Vatarakta is an illness where both Vata and Rakta square measure afflicted by distinct aetiological factors. Acharya Sushruta has delineate within the Vatavyadhi chapter whereas Acharya Charak and Vagbhatta gave too much importance and described this as a separate chapter. Sedentary lifestyle along with mental stress, consumption of nonvegetarian and extremely macromolecule diet, excessive alcohol intake are some of the precipitating factors which causes acute exacerbation of Vatarakta. The aetiological factors, pathology and clinical features of Gouty arthritis is quite similar with the Vatarakta. Gouty arthritis is disorder of purine metabolism associated is an inflammatory response to the MSUM (Monosodium urate Monohydrate) crystals, formed secondary to hyperuricaemia. This dreadfull condition of the joint which was historically known as “the disease of kings” or “rich man’ disease. Management of Vatarakta could be a challenge as it is a disease of severe morbidity, chronicity and incurable to sure extent with associated complications. Hence an attempt has been created to concentrate on Shamana Aushadis and Shodhana procedures recommended in different authentic texts of Ayurveda.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Vatarakta, Gout, hyperuricaemia, Gouty arthritis.


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