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Abstract

A CRITICAL STUDY OF MARMA W.S.R. TO LOHITAKSHA MARMA IN LOWER LIMB

Dr. Pooja Thakur*

ABSTRACT

The word Marma and its application exist from the Vedic period in India. Marma is important concept of Ayurved, there are total 107 Marma present in the body. Injury to these Marma points results either death or some kind of deformity in the body. Acharya Sushruta and Vagbhatta have elaborated the concept of Marma in detail in Sharir sthana of their respective Samhitas. Acharya Sushruta solely can be accounted the marma for half of the Shalya Chikitsa. So, Marmas are the vital points which should be protected during surgeries. Out of the 107 Marmas (vital points), one among these is Lohitaksha Marma present in each limb. In the lower limb, it is present in the root of thigh. Aim of our study is to understand the anatomical structures through literature present in the site of Lohitaksha Marma. After collecting information from various ancient text and modern text, Lohitaksha Marma comes under the variety of Vaikalyakara resulting in paralysis of the limb. But if the injury is very severe or deep, it can also lead to death of a person because of excess blood loss. The structures present at the site of Lohitaksha Marma can be understood as femoral vessels and nerve, superficial inguinal lymph nodes and two muscles- psoas major and pectineus.

Keywords: Marma, Lohitaksha, Vaikalyakara Marma.


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