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Abstract

A PROSPECTIVE STUDY TO ASSESS THE CARDIOVASCULAR RISK USING FRAMINGHAM RISK SCORE IN A COAL MINE HOSPITAL

*B. Suchitha Reddy, T. Sujana Sree, D. Sujith Kumar, Rajani Gunnam,
Dr. Kappala Soujanya and Dr. Kalva Shireesha

ABSTRACT

Aim and Objectives: The aim of study is to assess and predict the cardiovascular risk using Framingham Risk Score in a coal mine hospital and the objective of the study is to assess the prevalence of various risk factors, 10 years risk of cardiovascular diseases and to develop strategies to reduce the cardiovascular disease burden in highrisk individuals and, to improve the quality of life. Methods: This study is an observational, prospective, population-based study in which 211 patients aged 41-74 years devoid of cardiovascular diseases were included by random sampling from SCCL Main Hospital for a period of 6 months. The FRS was estimated using a computer program. Results: From the analysis, among 109 males-3 (2.8 %) are at low risk of CVD, 10 (9.1 %) are at moderate risk of CVD; 96 (88.1 %) are at high risk; 102 females- 12 (11.8 %) are at low risk of CVD, 43 (42.1 %) are at moderate risk and 47 (46.1 %) are at high risk of CVD interpreted using FRS. Conclusion: This population based study depicts that increase in age, family history of CVD, overweight, lack of physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, other co-morbid conditions like hypertension, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidaemia serge the risk of CVD. The findings of the study may aid in convincing health care professionals and people at high risk of developing CVD to take stern action towards a healthy lifestyle and achieving the goal of “Health for all”.

Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases, Framingham Risk Score, hypertension, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidaemia.


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