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Abstract

CONCEPT OF VATA VS NERVOUS SYSTEM REVIEW ARTICLE

Dr. Vishal Sharma*

ABSTRACT

Ayurveda, a natural system of medicine, originated in India more than 5000 years ago. Ayurveda translates to Knowledge of Life. Ayurveda is an alternative medicine system with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent. Dosa, Dhatu and Mala are the root of our body. If they are equilibrium state in our body they are called as Dhatu because they support our body in normal condition. If they imbalance (increase or decrease) then they are called as Dosa. Doshas are the biological forces which work through the medium of Dhatus and Malas. Dhatus and Malas are the structural units and the Doshas are the energy forms. Hence the Doshas are called Asrayees (indwelling forces) and Dhatus, Asrayaas (seats). “Dooshayanti iti Dosa” Those which vitiate the other substances after getting themselves vitiated. So Dosa are called Shakhty Roopa Dravyas. Even though the Mastiska is the main seat of Vata, an order to conduct the two main functions of Vata as explained in its definition i.e. Gati (Motor functions) and Gandhana (Sensory functions). The Vata has to move through the Vata Vaha Srotas to reach the target organ throughout the body. These are the channels are divided into two varieties depending upon the Motor or Sensory functions. Every concept of Ayurveda is postulated and explained on the basis of Panchmahabhutas, Doshas represent the existence of Panchmahabhutas in our body. And everything is Panchmahabhautika in the universe. Vata one among the three basic humors play a major role in both health and disease condition. Most of the Vata disorders discussed in the Ayurveda are being diagnosed under neurological disorders in modern science. Hence in this study we have to understand the physiological activities of Vata with special reference to nervous system.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Vata, Dosa, Nervous system, Humors, Paraná, CNS.


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