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Abstract

TRACHYSPERMUM AMMI(AJWAIN): A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW

*Abhijeet Kumar and Dr. Ambrish Kumar Singh

ABSTRACT

Ajwain is the dripe ripe seeds of Trachyspermum ammi (L.) sprague, belonging to family Apiaceae is the distributed throughout of India and it is mostly cultivated in Gujarat and Rajasthan. The plant is used traditionally as a stimulant, carminative, flatulence, atonic dyspepsia, diarrhoea, abdominal tumors, abdominal pain, piles and bronchial problems, lack of appetite, galactogogue, asthma and ammenorrhoea. Medicinally, it has been proven to possess various pharmacological activities like antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, cytotoxic activity, Hypolipidaemic, Antihypertensive, antispasmodic, Broncho-dilating actions, antilithiasis, diuretic, Abortifacients, Antitussive, nematicidal, anthelmintic and antifilarial activity. over the past decades many reports have appeared in mainstream scientific journal describing its nutritional and medicinal properties.the available literature on this plant divulges that it contains many phytoconstituents including carbohydrates, glycosides, saponins, phenolic compound, volatile oil (thymol, Y-terpinene, paracymene, and alpha and Bita pinene), protein, fat, fibre, and mineral matter containing calcium, phosphorus, iron and nicotinic acid. the present review summarize the information concerning, the pharmacognostic, phytochemistry and pharmacological studies of Trachyspermum ammi.

Keywords: Trachyspermum ammi, Apiaceae, fruit, Antimicrobial, Ajowan, Ajwain.


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