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Sakshi Kanaujia* and Vishwanath


Shalakyatantra, one of its specialized branch deal with the science of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Orodental surgery & Head; was contributed and developed by Rajrishi Nimi, the King of Videha. The available literature related to this speciality is reproduced from original text of Nimitantra in Uttartantra of Sushruta samhita. So Rajrishi Nimi deserves all the credit and regards for Shalakyatantra and for being the first eye surgeon on this earth.. Knowledge of the entire body enables to treat diseases successfully. Sushruta himself a practical surgeon was the first to advocate dissection of dead bodies is indispensable for a successful student of surgery. Since Surgery require good knowledge of practical anatomy. He has developed a new tradition to describe the diseases affecting the structures of the eye. He has described gross ocular anatomy in the first chapter of Uttratantra. Sushruta described the Netrasharira according to Nidan and Chikitsa into three distinct parts called Mandala, Patala & Sandhi. Mandalas are 5 in number and Patalas & Sandhis are 6 in number. The same division was adopted byVagbhatta, Madhavakara and Bhavamishra also. The fact regarding the Netra Sharir adopted by ancient surgeons is still a matter of debate. The objective of this literary research paper is to find proper co-relation of Netra patal to those mentioned in modern ophthalmology.

Keywords: Shalakya Tantra, Nimi Tantra, Sushruta uttaratantra, Netrasharira,Mandala, Patala.

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