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*Sangeeta Sahani and T. P. Mall


The present study reveals about the vast diversity of herbal plants used for the treatment of various ailments by the tribes as well as poor villagers of Bahraich district. The potential of ethno botanical research and need for documentation of traditional knowledge pertaining to the medicinal plant utilization for the greater benefit of mankind is carried out because most of the villages of Bahraich district are not having sufficient medical facilities. But all the villages have the traditional medicines and treatments to cure all the ailments. The rural population has to depend on the local ethnic doctor called as vaiddaya or hakim. They prepare medicines from the medicinal plants available in their locality. They follow all the traditional and ethnic method of preparing the medicine. Bahraich have well blessed phyto diversity which is a rich source of medicinal plants as well as ethnic communities. The remote locality, poverty, illiteracy and lack of touch with modern civilization make them confined to hold on traditional faith hence they are wholly dependent on indigenous plants for the treatment of various ailments. The investigation was performed by collection of local medicinal plants in consultation with the local tribes as well as poor villagers and medicine venders. The common medicinal plants used by rural tribes were studied and one hundred forty nine plant species belonging to hundred thirty four genera representing sixty one families were found to be utilized in the treatment of various twenty five ailments viz. abortifacient, antidote for snake and scorpion bite, burn, cough, cold, constipation, conjunctivitis, diabetes, ear pain, fever, gastrointestinal troubles, headache, insomnia, jaundice, leucorrhoea, mouth ulcer, respiratory troubles, scrofula, skin and skeletal ailments etc. Various medicinal plant parts viz. leaves, flowers, barks, latex, seeds, rhizome, root, sometimes whole plant were used as ethno medicine. For each plant species, details of scientific name, authors name, vernacular name and family as well as use were provided along with parts harvested for treatment and the mode of administration.

Keywords: Ailments, ethno botanical, ethno medicine, medicinal plants, phyto-diversity, secondary metabolites, traditional knowledge, Bahraich.

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