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R Shailaja* and S Sugunthan


The unique feature of Siddha Medical System is its vast and complex pharmacology. The raw materials used in Siddha medicines are of plant, metal, mineral and animal origin. The extensive use of herbomineral formulations is considered as high order. The preparation of majority of medicines involves tedious processes which result in physico-chemical transformation of the particles size, chemical composition which regulates the bio-mechanism of the drug in the body, thus enhance the efficacy and reduce toxicity. Unique preparations of Siddha system of medicine like Parpam, Chenduram, Chunnam, Kattu and Padhangam are „life saving‟ and „miracle‟ nanomedicines, which were prepared by the Siddhars on the basis of nanotechnology. Recent advances in science explored the nano particles, which find potential usage in bio-medical field especially in cancer, degenerative diseases. Though the concept and utilization of nanoparticle emerged in late twentieth century, Siddha medical system has theoretical references and practical application of nanoparticles from many centuries. This article reviews the presence of nanoparticle in Siddha medicines like Linga Chenduram, Poorna Chandrodayam, Velli Parpam, Kshaya Kulandhaga Chenduram, Muppoora Chenduram, Thanga Parpam, Naga Parpam, Naga Chenduram, Chara Parpam etc., with the aid of modern technology like SEM with EDAX, FTIR, ICP-OES, XRD, DLS etc., their usage as per literature and how these nano particles are being used in different fields.

Keywords: Siddha Medicines, Nanoparticles, Parpam, Chenduram, SEM, DLS.

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