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Abstract

A REVIEW ON NAVJAAT SHISHU PARICHARYA

Dr. Vd. Minakshi Chandrashekhar Chaudhari* and Dr. D. B. Chavan

ABSTRACT

Navjaat shishu paricharya (care of a newborn) has been described both in ayurveda as well as modern texts. These are the basic steps that should be followed by medical professionals after the birth of the newborn from the mother‟s vaginal canal. These steps are important for the newborn for preventing birth asphyxia, incidence being 1-6 per 1000 live term births, and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, incidence being 1.088 per 1000 live births. In ayurvedic texts, the steps for navjaat shishu paricharya apparently shows few differences, but are the vital cornerstones for the newborn. Navjaat shishu paricharya starts from birth to viable stability of the newborn. In general, the care of normally delivered newborn at birth includes prevention of asphyxia, hypothermia, early rooming in, and initiation of breast feeding. Ayurveda mentioned very scientific approach toward newborn care as jatamatra paricharya, means protocol. Neonatal period is very crucial phase of life. One has to provide systemic, luxurious and sophisticated neonatal care. This article deals with the various procedures advocated for early and specified management of newborn as per ayurvedic samhitas like Charak Samhita, Sushrut Samhita, and Ashtang Hriday and modern texts appellated as resuscitation procedures. The present article is a systematic review of navjaat shishu paricharya across the world to establish the role of ayurveda as newborn care protocols having potential to contribute to neonatal health as a key message to modern health world.

Keywords: Navjaat shishu paricharya, resuscitation, neonatal protocols, jatamatra paricharya, care of the newborn.


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