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Abstract

FREQUENCY OF CHOLELITHIASIS - RELATED COMPLICATIONS IN MALE GENDER ATTENDING SURGICAL DEPARTMENT AT KING KHALID GENERAL HOSPITAL, MAJMAAH, KSA

Fahad A. AlQahtani*, Ahmed M. AlEidan, Turki M. AlAnazi, Mohammad A. AlShamrani, Faisal A. AlRuways, Saud A. AlMutairi, Abdulmajeed H. Al. Anazi, Pervez Iqbal

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Gallstone disease known as cholelithiasis is one of the most common Biliary Tract disorder. Cholelithiasis is common with the incidence ranging from 10% to 20% of the world population, 11% of the general population of the US. The burden of gallstone disease and its complications, such as cholecystitis, pancreatitis, and cholangitis, are major public health issues globally. Objectives: This study aimed at determining the frequency of cholelithiasis-related complications in males admitted to surgical department at King Khalid General Hospital and assessing outcomes of male patients presented with cholelithiasis-related complications following case-tailored management. Methodology: It was a Retrospective descriptive, facility-based study to estimate the frequency and evaluation of cholelithiasis-related complications in males hospitalised in surgical department at King Khalid General Hospital, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia, January 2014- December 2016. Results: 83 males were enrolled in our study, with their age groups being ranged from 19 to 99 years (M = 45.55, SD = 16.34). 5 different Complications were reported in our sample of interest. the majority, around 44.6%, suffered from Biliary colic followed by Acute cholecystitis (30.1%), Choledocholithiasis (13.3%), Chronic cholecystitis (8.4%) and Acute pancreatitis (3.6%) respectively. Following their treatment course, patients’ outcomes were as follow: 74 patients have improved while 4 needed to be transferred to another healthcare facility, 4 were HAMA (Home Against Medical Advice) and one escaped before completing the follow up period. Conclusion: Cholelithiasis-related complications reported in our 83 male participants were diverse as they suffered from 5 different Complications; Biliary colic (44.6%) followed by Acute cholecystitis (30.1%), Choledocholithiasis (13.3%), Chronic cholecystitis (8.4%), and Acute pancreatitis (3.6%) respectively.

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