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Abstract

REVIEW OF PERIOPERATIVE AND OPERATIVE METHODS USED IN ANCIENT PERIOD WHICH ARE MENTIONED IN TEXTS OF AYURVEDA SYSTEM OF INDIAN MEDICINE

Dr. Prashant L. Rasale* and Dr. Sunil Pandey

ABSTRACT

Shalya is meant for extraction of various types of grass, wood, stone, dust, metal, clod, bone, hair, nail, pus discharge, matrix of dirty wounds and also of abnormal foetus; for application of blunt instruments, sharp instruments, caustic alkali and cauterization and also for diagnosing and deciding of wounds. Shalya Tantra is meant for extraction of foreign bodies such as grasses, pus etc., matrix of the dirty wounds, foetus either dead or in abnormal position, description of instruments and diagnosis of wounds.Trividha Karma consists of two words – Trividha & Karma. Trividha means three types and word Karma means operative procedure. After review of various surgical methods used in ancient era it is found that In this modern era also whichever operative or diagnostic invention may introduced that all inventions are has basic principle already had mentioned in ancient texts of indian medicine.

Keywords: yantra; Shastra; Ashtavidhshastrakarma; Preoperative; Postoperative; pradhankarma.


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