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Abstract

ROLE OF PATHADI KWATHA IN THE MANAGEMENT OF OLIGOMENORRHOEA CAUSED DUE TO PCOS

Ashiya*, Laxmipriya Dei and Rajkrinti

ABSTRACT

Menstrual bleeding occurring more than 35 days apart and which
remains constant at that frequency is called as oligomenorrhoea. The
affected women typically menstruate between 4 and 9 times per year.
Oligomenorrhoea can be age related- during adolescence and
preceeding menopause, weight related-stress and exercise related, due
to tubercular endometritis, due to androgen producing tumors- ovarian,
adrenal, due to endocrine disorders hyperprolactinaemia,
hypothyroidism, PCOS(commonest). Women with pcos have raised
levels of male hormones androgens, which causes oilgomenorrhoea.
Low oestrogen levels are also a component of oligomennohoea.
Oligomenorrhoea can result in infertility. The causes of
oligomenorrhoea include hypothalamic, pituitary, or ovarian
dysfunction. Hypothalamic oligomenorrhoea or ammenorrhoea is due to decreased pulsatile
secretion of GNRH. Decreased GNRH secretion may be caused by psychological or
emotional disorders. Pituitary causes include hyperprolactinaemia. Ovarian causes include
premature ovarian failure. Information about the cause of oligomenorrhoea may be revealed
by measurements of Sr.FSH, Sr.LH, Sr.Prolactin, Sr. Testosterone. High Sr. FSH, Sr.LH
levels indicates the presence of ovarian dysfunction (primary hypogonadism) whereas low
levels indicates the presence of hypothalamic or pituitary dysfunction (secondary
hypogonadism). Some people are at risk to develop oligomenorrhoea, such as athletes,
models, dancers due to their intense strenuous physical training and strict diet.

Keywords: Oligomenorrhoea, PCOS, Artava Kshaya, Pathadi Kwatha.


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