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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STANDARDAISATION OF THE FLOWERS OF QUISQUALIS INDICA

G. Shamili and G. Santhi*

ABSTRACT

The present study was undertaken to investigate, morphological anatomical antimicrobial and phytochemical profiling of Quisqualis indica flower. Various pharmacognostic parameters evaluated in this study helps in botanical identification and standardization flower of Q.indica in crude form and provide the authentic data for the researchers and scientists involved in carrying out further research on this plant part. Results of the histochemical study revealed that flowers of Q.indica presence of flavonoids and alkaloids. The phytochemical screening aqueous and methanolic extract of Q.indica flower showed that the presence of, steroids, saponins, terepenoids, glycosides, anthroquinone and protein Flavonoids, triterpenoids alkaloids while tannin, alkaloids, protein, carbohydrate, phlobatannins, phenolics were absent. Methanol extract of Quisqualis indica flower showed that the presence of alkaloids, steroids, saponins, Flavonoids, triterpenoids, phenolics, nthriquinone and glycosides while tannin, alkaloids, protein, phlobatannins, were absent. The results reveal that extract of Q.indica were significantly effective against both bacteria E.coli, St.aureus and fungi C.albicans and Aspergillus flavus. The flowers of Quisqualis indica are a newly discovered potential source of natural antimicrobial compounds. The synergistic effect of plant extract against resistant bacteria and fungi leads to new choices for the treatment of infectious diseases. All these data obtained with the present investigation supported the traditional claim associated with Q.indica literature.

Keywords: Pharmacognostic, Phytochemicals, Histochemical, Antibacteria.


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