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Vd. Jyoti Sihag*


The dictation and style of Ayurvedic Samhitas is in Vedic language, that is Sanskrit. Ayurvedic literature is expressed in form of Sutras. So the Ayurveda Shastra renders the term Sutra as the synonym term of itself. Ancient treatise used various technical tools like Tantrayukti, Arthashraya, Kalpana and Tacchilya etc to make writing good and powerful. One such tool is concept of synonyms used by our Acharyas in order to express their ideas. Concept of Prayaya(Synonym) in Ayurvedic compendia is a characteristic feature in Charaka Samhita. The description and application of synonyms are given at various places. Term Ayurveda itself described with synonyms Vidhya, Shakha, Sutra etc. The knowledge mentioned in Samhita should be studied according to Vakyasah, Vakyarthasah and Arthavayavasah. So to understand all treatise of Ayurveda attention is focused mainly onthe root of the words. In Ayurvedic text various terms for synonyms are used like Prayaya (synonym), Namairbhi(same name), Anarthantarm(there is no difference in meaning).

Keywords: Sutra, Prayaya, Synonym, Arthasraya, etc.

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