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Surangi K. G.*, Shamsa Fiaz and Indu Sharma


Eyes hold special status among all the sense organs because good vision is crucial for social and intellectual development of human beings. Hence authentic classics prescribed several preventive measures and systemic, surgical, para-surgical and local or topical treatments for the management of ophthalmic disorders. Among these several types of treatment modalities; local treatments are very specific, effective and unique to the eye diseases and are called as “Netra Kriyakalpa” which includes Akshi Tarpana, Putapaka, Seka, Aschyotana, Anjana, Bidalaka and Pindi. Netra Kriyakalpa have very fast action on the target tissues of eye and reaches even up to the posterior segment of the eye. Akshi Tarpana is promptly recommended for Vata- Pitta predominant disorders. It can be taken as rejuvenation therapy; specially as it overcomes neurological and degenerative diseases which cannot be managed well by Allopathic system of medicine. It nourishes the eyes, improves the clarity of vision and can be advised as preventive and curative measure for various types of ophthalmic disorders. Grita, Grita Manda, medicated Grita, Vasa, Majja and milk can be utilized for the Tarpana procedure. Hence the drugs can easily pass through the lypopholic corneal epithelium as well as hydrophilic corneal stroma and act at the cellular level because the cell membranes are also containing lipids. Thus the aim of this study is to review the Akshi Tarpana including its indications, contraindications, medicinal formulations which are prescribed in authentic classics and also to study its mode of action according to modern point of view.

Keywords: Ophthalmic Disorders, Netra Kriyakalpa, Akshi Tarpana, Nourishment.

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