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Abstract

CINNAMON'S ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY ON THE BACTERIAL ISOLATES FROM URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS

*Kawakib I. Al-Zubaidy

ABSTRACT

Urinary tract infection is one of the most horrifying healthful problems that face enormous number of people yearly and because researchers are paying a great attention to carry out their researches on plants and herbs as an alternative for chemical drugs. This research has commenced to study the effect of cinnamon on bacterial isolates from urinary tract infections. During this study, 52 samples were taken from patients who were being questionable of urinary tract infection. Those patients ages are between 15 to 45 years of both gender and the study period was from September 2016 to may 2017. Samples were cultured on different media and it were diagnosed in routine methods depending on the cultural characteristics, microscopic examination, growth on the differential media and biochemical tests of each isolate. The results showed that females were more susceptible to the disease with 24 cases (54.5%) Compared to males which was 20 cases (45.5%), while growth did not occur in remaining samples. Results of bacterial isolation showed dominant of E.Coli )43.1%( as a major and important cause of UTI, particularly for age 15-45 years. Followed by klebsiella pneumoniae )25.5%)( then Proteus mirabilis (16.9%) and finally Staphylococcus aureus ).6). Sensitivity test of the bacterial isolates also has been conducted to aqueous extract of Cinnamon by using agar wells diffusion method. It was observed that the effectiveness of Cinnamon bark extract more than the effectiveness of the powder extract, as its noted that the extract effectiveness on the Gram negative bacteria was better than the Gram positive bacteria. The diameters of inhibition zone to the bark extract were )4.5 mm(, )4.2 mm(, )3.5 mm(, )3 mm( for E.Coli, klebsiella pneumonia, proteus mirabilis and Staphylococcus aureus respectively, where as the The diameters of inhibition zone to the powder extract were )2.6 mm( for E.Coli, )2.5mm) for each klebsiella pneumonia and Proteus mirabilis and finally )2mm( for Staphylococcus aureus.

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