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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AMONG WOMEN AND THE ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS IN JEDDAH

*Dr. Raneem Maher Almadani, Zuha Aklad Rashidi and Abeer Abdulaziz Khayat

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of non-communicable disease like Type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing among woman. The study is aimed at investigating the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and their associated risk factors among woman, in Jeddah. Objective: To determine the prevalence of risk factors of diabetes mellitus (DM) among Saudi women in Jeddah. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Jeddah from January 2017 to April 2017 at king Abdelaziz University. where the questionnaire was distributed among the participants of an event that coincided in King Abdelaziz University. The survey was based on the diabetes risk test score adapted from Bang et al., 2009; relaying on: age, body mass index (BMI), exercise every day, previous diagnosis as gestational diabetes and presence of family history of DM. These data were collected and analyzed. The risk score was calculated to the participants. Random blood glucose and HA1C were measured. Results: 904 participants showed that 14.9% were from 40- 49, 7.1% were from 50- 59 and 4% were equal to or above 60 years. Family history of DM was (+ve) in 68.5%, 32.2% were overweight and 24.2% were obese. 58.8% didn’t do exercise. 17.3% were diagnosed as gestational diabetes. 26.1% had increased risk for having type 2 DM in upcoming 10 Y. Conclusion: This study producing the immediate action on Saudi women to be arrive of DM risk of its complications in near future. As it consciousness appear on healthy life style and socio-economic state.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, diabetic risk test, King Abdelaziz’s awareness program for diabetes prevention group, BMI.


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