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Dr. Muhammad Baqir MR Fakhrildin
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Abstract

THE PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS OF DIABETES MELLITUS AMONG NORMAL POPULATION IN AL MADINAH AL MONAWARRAH

*Dr. Abeer Abdulaziz Khayat, Raneem Maher Almadani and Zuha Akhlad Rashidi

ABSTRACT

Background: There is a spread in the number of prevalence of DM in Saudi Arabia. This was the main motivation to start working on a method to identify individuals who had high score in the risk factor assessment. Objective: To determine the prevalence of risk factors of diabetes mellitus (DM) among normal population. Method: A crosssectional study was conducted in Al Madinah Al Monawarah from November 2016 to May 2017 at Taibah University. A questionnaire was distributed among the participants of an event that coincided with the world diabetes day. The survey was based on the diabetes risk test score adapted from Bang et al., 2009; depending on: age, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, exercise every day, previous diagnosis as gestational diabetes and presence of family history of DM. These data were collected and analyzed. The risk score was calculated to the participants. Random blood glucose and HA1C were measured. Results: 904 participants showed that 14.9% were from 40- 49, 7.1% were from 50- 59 and 4% were equal to or above 60 years. Family history of DM was (+ve) in 68.5%, 32.2% were overweight and 24.2% were obese. 58.8% didn’t do exercise. 18.3% of them had hypertension. 17.3% were diagnosed as gestational diabetes. 26.1% had increased risk for having type 2 DM in upcoming 10 Y. Conclusion: This study revealed the urgent need to increase the awareness among the Saudi population about the great risk to develop DM in near future with its impact on health & socioeconomic state.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, diabetic risk test, Taibah’s awareness program for diabetes prevention group, BMI.


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