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Abstract

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NEONATAL AND MATERNAL OUTCOMES IN TEENAGE PREGNANCIES AND ADULT PREGNANCIES IN TERTIARY CARE CENTRE

*Dr. Hima Bindu Singh, Dr. Namala Bharadwaj, Dr. Neetika Ashwani, Dr. Usha Rani Hasthi, Dr. Suguna Chejeti and Dr Anusha

ABSTRACT

Background: Teenage marriages and pregnancies were common in developing countries over centuries but there is declining trend in India, still it constitutes to significant number of morbidity and mortalities in newborn. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate for neonatal complication in teenage pregnancy. Materials and Methodology: Hospital based cross sectional study carried out for period of three months. Teenage mothers admitted to hospital were included in study constituted cases. Adult mothers were taken as control group. Results: Proportion of mothers who delivered by normal vaginal delivery was 82% in cases and 44.5% in comparison group. Severe anaemia was most common obstretic complication present in mothers of teenage pregnancy population. Low birth weight was in higher proportion (56%) in teenage group as compared to adult group (36%) and this difference was statistically significant. Preterms are more in teenage group (n= 42) when compared to adult mothers (n=27) which was statistically significant. Conclusion: Teenage pregnancies has higher incidence of preterm and low birth weight babies compared to adult mothers. Despite the decreasing trend yet strengthening of the government surveillance is the need of the hour.

Keywords: Teenage pregnancy, anaemia, low birth weight, preterm.


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