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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILING OF OCHNA OBTUSATA DC. VAR. PUMILA (BUCH.-HAM. EX DC) - AN ENDANGERED ETHNOMEDICINAL PLANT OF JHARKHAND

Dr. Raphael R. Marandi*

ABSTRACT

Ochna obtusata var. pumila is an exotic medicinal plant of Chotanagpur plateau. It is locally called as Bhuin champa by the tribals of Jharkhand, and used against asthma, arthritis, diabetes, infantile disease (rangbaj), malaria, menstrual disorders and body pain. The phytochemical analysis with various parameters, viz. preliminary, HPLC and GC-MS revealed the presence of pharmaceutically important several compounds, such as 4-Hydroxybenzaldehyde, Quinic acid, β-Stigmasterol and β-Sitosterol, Isochiapin B, Squalene, Vitamin E (α-, β-, γ- and δ-Tocopherol), Megastigmatrienone 4, Aromadendrene oxide-(2) and Neophytadiene. Several bioactive compounds have been determined as potent antioxidant, anti-cancerous, antimicrobial, antiblood cholesterol and anti-inflammatory. The study revealed that the plant is a promising source for the production of many drugs against several human diseases.

Keywords: Ochna obtusata var. pumila, Phytochemical, HPLC, GC-MS, Jharkhand.


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