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Abstract

PREVALENCE STUDY OF SELF -MEDICATION PRACTICE USED AMONG NURSING WORKERS IN IBN SINA HOSPITAL IN COAST HADHRAMOUT GOVERNATE –YEMEN

*Dr. Muna Omar Alkatheri

ABSTRACT

Background: Self medication is a major form of self-care It involves the use of medicinal products by the consumer to treat self recognized disorder, symptoms, recurrent disease or minor health problems.[1] Self-medication is a frequent practice in many age groups and in different cultures and is defined as a person‟s spontaneous selection and use of any medicine considered appropriate to remedy their own health problem.[2,3] Self-medication is defined as selection and use of medicines by individuals to treat self - recognized or self -diagnosed conditions or symptoms. Self-medication can lead to various health problems like adverse drug reactions, prolonged suffering and drug dependence and increase resistance among various pathogens. According to the world health organization, the selfmedication is defined as “selection and use of medicines by individuals (or a member of the individuals‟ family) to treat self-recognized or self-diagnosed conditions or symptoms”.[4,5] To conclude, the problem of self-medication is widely spread in developing countries. Yemen is one of this country. In Yemen the quality of healthcare services isn‟t in a good condition and it needs great efforts to be developed The private sector‟s pharmacies are the most accessible health facilities and people can obtain most types of medication without prescription making the self-medication easy to be practiced.[4,6] In our study we will explore the prevalence of self-medication of drugs without medical, prescription practice used among nursing workers in Ibn Sina Hospital in Coast Hadhramout Governate –Yemen. Objective: To assess the prevalence of self -medication practice used among nursing workers in Ibn Sina Hospital in Coast Hadhramout governate. Subject and Methods: The study design was descriptive cross-sectional -based study was carried out from August to October 2017 among 110 nursing worker randomly selected by using self-administered questionnaire. Results: The statistical analysis for data obtained in this study showed that self - medication was widely practiced 73%, self medication use (0-2) per month among nursing workers in Ibn Sina Hospital in Coast Hadhramout governate. Conclusion: The present study indicate that self - medication was widely practiced among nursing workers in Ibn Sina Hospital. There is dire need to make them aware about the pros and cons of self-medication in order to ensure safe usage of drugs. We recommend to the ministry of health to do more efforts to make close observation for all pharmacies (private and government) to prevent giving medications without prescription.

Keywords: Self medication is a major self recognized without prescription.


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