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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME WITH ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AND IMPACT ON WELL-BEING AMONG WOMEN IN REPRODUCTIVE AGED (18-45) YEARS IN AL - MADINAH 2017

Shayan M. Alraddadi*, Khadija A. Borzangi, Eman M. Almuher, Amjad F. Albaik, Lujain A. Aljawad, Asrar A. Shaqroon and Dr. Jehan Alhazmi

ABSTRACT

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women worldwide. There a shortage of recent data about its prevalence and epidemiologic features in Saudi Arabia. Objectives: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of PCOS among women from 18-45 years, in Madinah City, Saudi Arabia during 2017, and to investigate its associated symptoms and the possible risk factors associated with PCOS among the studied women. Methods: A crosssectional study was conducted in Madinah City, Saudi Arabia. The study analysis included data from 719 women living in Madinah city. A convenient nonrandom sampling technique was used. The data were Collected by an electronic self-administered structured questionnaire The questionnaire included 5 sections related to the socio-demographic data, PCOS symptoms for diagnosis, PCOS risk factors, reproductive and medical history. The collected data were analyzed using the appropriate statistical methods. Results: The prevalence of PCOS among the studied women was 32.5% (95% CI= 29.2-36.1%). The prevalence was significantly varied by women's age, marriage, job and educational level. Menstrual irregularities were found in 54.9% of PCOS women. PCOS was associated with hirsutism in almost all body areas, weight gain, acne, oily skin, milky nipple discharge, and dyslipidemia. The risk of PCOS in this study was found to significantly increase among women aged from 25 to less than 32 years (OR= 2.40), married (OR= 3.65) and high socioeconomic level (OR= 4.90). The risk, however, was significantly decreased among secondary and highly educated women, not employed, and students with the estimated OR was 0.45, 0.25, 0.40 and 0.15, respectively. Conclusions: The study revealed a considerable high prevalence of PCOS among women in Madinah city. Increasing awareness of women in the city about the value of early diagnosis and intervention is beneficial to reduce its related health complications, and to reduce the magnitude of this problem in future.

Keywords: Polycystic ovarian syndrome, Prevalence, Hirsutism, Saudi Arabia.


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