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Kannan Eagappan*, Sasikala Sasikumar, Ancy V J , S. Karthik, N. Vivek


Aim: To determine osteoporosis through bone mineral density among the population in Coimbatore city, Tamil Nadu, India. Materials and Methods: The study population included 108 subjects between age groups 30- 85 years. Demographic profile and information on dietary intake was elicited using well structured questionnaire. The Bone density of all the participants was measured by Quantitative Ultra Sound (QUS) method and the values were compared with World health organisation T – score and classified as normal or osteopenia / osteoporosis. The mean nutrient intake and anthropometric indices were correlated with levels of bone mineral density. Similarly a correlation was also analysed between mean nutrient intake and the anthropometric indices. The results were statistically analysed using SPSS Version 16. Conclusion: With reference to the levels of bonemass density, females were found to have a significant level (p< 0.05) of osteoporosis (37%) and only 34% of the male’s subjects were osteoporotic. Pearson correlation assessed revealed mean protein intake had a significantly positive relationship with mean height, weight and BMI. Whereas, mean fat intake had significant positive relationship only with BMI. Similarly body weight and BMI had a highly significant positive relationship with the stage of osteopenia. Hence, age, gender and body mass index were found to be the determinants in the prevalence of osteopenia in the present study. Infact, nutrients intake was not found to correlate with bone density status.

Keywords: Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Bone mass density, Nutrients, Anthropometric indices, five number analyses.

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