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Abstract

PREVALENCE AND ASSESSMENT OF MENTAL STRESS IN POLICE PERSONNEL AS AN OCCUPATIONAL HAZARD

Dr. Ajit Sanjeevan Gaikwad* and Prof. Dr. V. V. Bhalsing

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess mental stress as occupational health hazard in police personnel. Objectives: i) To study in detail about psycho galvanometer. ii) To study mental stress as an Ayurvedic review and modern perspectives iii) To study Man and mind in both Ayurvedic and Modern Perspectives. Method: Observational survey study conducted on 150 participants. This whole study includes all Police personnel so the source of collection of the police personnel was from police head quarter Pune. The study was carried out to analyze prevalence of mental stress in police personnel of pune police head quarter. The police personnel were selected using cluster sampling method. Result: Out of 150 Participants, moderate stress was observed on maximum participants of 116 (77.33%) by using ISMA Questionnaire and 97(64.67%) participants were having moderate stress by using G.S.R (psycho-galvanometer). It was observed that there was direct statistical relationship between stress and nidra, khalitya while there was no any direct statistical relationship between stress and shirashool and Aruchi. Statistical Analysis: The present survey along with the statistical analysis and interference shows occupational stress is moderately observed in Police Personnel and hence appropriate measures should be implemented to tackle such occupational related hazards. Conclusion: 1. Occupational stress has become a common and costly health problem. Stress and its impact on mental health and physical health of police personnel are not addressed adequately by the concerned authorities and health professionals in India. 2. In the present observational study police personnel were selected using cluster sampling method. 150 police personnel were selected randomly and observed stress by using International Stress Management Association’s questionnaire (25 questions) and psychogalvanometer. 3. By using questionnaire it was found out that out of 150 participants, maximum participants of 116(77.33%) have moderate stress and by using psycho-galvanometer, it was observed that maximum participants of 97(64.67%) shows moderate stress (200-300 ohms). 4. In the present study due to occupation stress, it was observed that there is direct statistical relationship between stress and khalitya, nidra & no relationship of stress between headache and aruchi. 5. Thus, the present study shows that occupational stress is commonly observed in police personnel; hence appropriate measures are to be implemented to tackle such occupation related hazards.

Keywords: Mental stress, Manas, Occupation-Police personnel, Questionnaire.


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