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Abstract

PREVALENCE OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES (NCD) AMONG URBAN HOUSEWIVES OF SELECTED AREA OF DHAKA CITY

Dr. Nabila Tasnim* and Md. Khairujjaman

ABSTRACT

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. The 4 main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. The rapid rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) represents one of the major health challenges to global development. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 urban housewives from a selected area of Dhaka city. The data was collected through semi-structured self administered questionnaire. The current study reveals that majority of respondents were middle aged, educated urban housewives. Among the 200 respondents, the prevalence of hypertension of the study population was found to be 32.1% and diabetes to be 38%. Almost all respondents have at least one risk factors and great proportion of people have 2 or more risk factors. 56% were taking oral contraceptives of which combined form of pill was most popular which may contribute as one of the factors for raised prevalence of hypertension. Behavioral risk factors like tobacco use reveals that 14%of total respondents are using smokeless form of tobacco. Zorda is most popular than sada pata and gul. Dietary pattern of overall surveyed population took fruits and vegetables on an average 4.42 and 6.23 days in a week respectively of which servings of intake varied from 2 -3 numbers in a typical day. Salt intake separately during meals was found to be fairly high (51.5%) in spite of having profound knowledge among the respondents (56.5%) regarding its harmful health effects. Overall physical activity of respondents is quite low as 28.5% respondents walk for at least 10 minutes in a typical day. Performance of moderate intensity physical activity like walking, jogging or carrying light load is comparatively higher than vigorous intensity physical activity like carrying heavy load, washing heavy clothes by 66.5%. About 75.5% have measured their blood pressure within past 12 months of which 59% was not found to be hypertensive. Hypertensive respondents mostly 52.4% took anti-hypertensive drugs and received advice to reduce salt intake (62.2%) and loose weight (56.1%). %). Blood sugar was also been measured by 71% respondents of which 62% were found non diabetic. Respondents mean BMI was 26.50 and 51.5% of total surveyed population were overweight. The mean blood pressure was 127/74mmof Hg. The mean waist circumference was 78.65cm.

Keywords: Non Communicable Diseases.


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