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Abstract

B. RATHINA NAICKER & SONS – ONE OF THE PIONEERS IN SIDDHA LITERATURE PUBLICATION

R. Manickavasagam*, C. Senthamil Rajam and B. Purosothaman

ABSTRACT

Siddha system of medicine is having vast medical knowledge of the ethnic Tamil People. This medical wisdom was passed through oral tradition through the ages and later converted into written script in ancient times. A lot of Siddha medical literature had been written in palm leaf manuscripts and they were preserved carefully by renowned Siddha Vaidyars and passed through generation after generation family traditions. After the Industrial Revolution happened in Europe in 18th century, which had also created impact in Indian sub - continent in development of printing industry. That was the critical period for Siddha system when the available palm manuscripts were re - published into printed books. Collection, protection and reprint of old manuscripts were the very challengeable task on those days. U.V.Saminatha Iyer – Grandfather of Tamil language collected, protected and reprinted the ancient Tamil literatures especially Ancient Tamil grammar. His contribution towards the Tamil language is well-known and recognised by Tamilians. Like him, some other people collected, protected and reprinted the most important Siddha literatures on those days, but they were not given reputation and recognisation. There are three unforgettable contributors in the history of the Siddha literatures republication.1. B.Rathina Naicker & Sons Book Depot (Thirumahal Vilasa Pathipagam), Chennai, 2. Rama. Gurusamy Konar book Shop (Ramachandra vilasam Pathipagam), Kal Mandapam, Madurai, 3. Thamarai Noolagam, Chennai. They were the unsung heroes of Siddha literature republication for their extraordinary contribution. Among the Above 3 Contributors, the role of B.Rathina Naicker & Sons Book Depot – The private publisher who are the pioneer in the Siddha text publications is notable. They are having 97 years long history of publication and till existing whereas Rama.Gurusamy Konar book Shop is not functioning now and Thamarai Noolagam was started only 65 years later than the B.Rathina Naicker & Sons Book Depot. We have mentioned elaborately the history, developments, hurdle overcome by B.Rathina Naicker & Sons book depot in this Article.

Keywords: Siddha Publishers, Siddha Literature, Siddha Books.


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