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Abstract

PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF Psidium guajava LEAVES - A REVIEW

Suja Pandian R.* and Jayalakshmi M.

ABSTRACT

Plants for thousands of years have been used to enhance health and for medicinal purposes. Psidium guajava is one which has an enormous wealth of medicinal value. One of such nutritionally fit and commonly available plant is Psidium guajava (Guava) belongs to the family Myrtaceae. Guava (P. guajava Linn.) is a traditionally used plant because of its food and nutritional value. Guava is widely grown in tropical areas like India, Bangladesh, Florida, and West Indies. Different parts of the P. guajava are reported to be used in folk medicine. There are three different varieties of guava, ripe apple guavas (Psidium guajava), lemon guava (Psidium littorale vas. littorale) and strawberry guava (Psidium littoralevar. cattleianum). All parts of this tree, including fruits, leaves, bark, and roots, have Been used for treating stomach ache and diarrhea in many countries The chemical constituents present in the leaves of Psidium guava and Psidium guajava L were found out using different solvents The goal of this review represents chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of the Psidium guajava. The pharmacological activity of its major components, and the results indicate antimicrobial activity, anti-diabetic activity, radiomodulatory role, antiinflammatory activity, hepatoprotective activity, antioxidant, antitumor, anticancer activity, cardiovascular, hypotensive effects activities.

Keywords: Psidium guajava, antimicrobial activity, anti-diabetic activity, radiomodulatory role, anti-inflammatory activity, hepatoprotective activity, pharmacological activities.


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