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Abstract

PHARMACOGNOSTIC AND PHYTOCHEMICAL EVALUTION OF BAUHINIA X BLACKEANA LINN LEAVES

Batchu Radhika*, Kranthi Raju Palle and K. Thirupathi

ABSTRACT

Various traditional systems of medicine enlightened the importance of the leaves and The present study was aimed at pharmacognostic and preliminary phytochemical evaluations of Bauhinia X Blackeana belongs to the family Fabaceae. It is a vegetable tree with vast thick leaves and striking purplish red blooms. The fragrant, orchid-like blossoms are typically 10 to 15 centimeters (3.9 to 5.9 in) over, and sprout from early November to the finish of walk. The histological studies gives the transverse section (TS) of leaf and powder characters like xylem vessels, calcium oxlate crystals, and the quantitative microscopy like veinislet, vein termination, stomatal number, stomatal index, palisade ratio of the leaves was studied and characters of leaves were documented. Physicochemical parameters like total ash value, water soluble ash value and acid insoluble ash value were determined. The water soluble extractive, alcohol soluble extractive and ether soluble extractive were also determined. The leaves were gathered, dried and made into powder and subjected to Soxhlation by utilizing methanol. The results obtained from standardization of Leaves of Bauhinia X Blackeana reveals details of the microscopical and macroscopical characters, physicochemical characters that characterize avoiding the adultration from the genuine plant drug. The present study provides pharmacognostical, and physicochemical details of the leaves of Bauhinia X Blackeana which are useful in laying down standardization and pharmacopoeia parameters. The phytochemical screening was performed for the concentrate and results demonstrated the nearness of carbohydrates, steroids, alkaloids, proteins, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenolics, tannins.

Keywords: Bauhinia X Blackeana, Physicochemical parameters, carbohydrates, steroids.


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