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Pradnya Deolekar*, Prathmesh S. Deolekar, Pramila Yadav and Sandesh Deolekar


Background: Antibiotic resistance (ABR) is an important growing global health issue which needs urgent addressal. Inappropriate use of antimicrobials drives the development of drug resistance. Both overuse, underuse and misuse of medicines contribute to the problem. Irrational use of medicines is a major problem worldwide. Aims: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) related to antibiotic resistance and usage in UG students. Methods and Material: The participants were briefed about the nature of the study, consent was taken and a pre‐tested structured questionnaire administered to them. The questionnaire was distributed to a batch of 200 medical students in their second year of MBBS, whereby their KAP regarding antibiotic use and resistance was assessed by a five point Likert scale, whose responses ranged from ―strongly agree‟ to ―strongly disagree‖, and ―always‖ to ―never‖. Some questions were of true and false type. Statistical analysis: The data was analysed by using simple descriptive statistics to generate frequencies, percentages and proportions. Results: 96% of study participants have knowledge of Anti Microbial Resistance (AMR). The number of respondents who agreed that ABR was an important and a serious global public health issue was 190 (95%).184 (92%) of students strongly agree that Missing an antibiotic dose contributes to antibiotic resistance.168 (84%) of students strongly disagree that antibiotics are safe drugs, hence they can be commonly used medication. Usually 160 (80%) of students agreed in discontinuing the antibiotic treatment once they start feeling better. 126 (63%) of students approved of giving the leftover antibiotics sometimes to their friend/roommate. 172 (86%) of students believed that Rational and Judicious use of antibiotics are the solutions to reduce antibiotic resistance. Conclusions: This result implicates that improving the students’ level of knowledge concerning the causes, consequences and controlling strategies of antimicrobial resistance might be an approach to flourish their attitude and to rationalize their anti-microbial use.

Keywords: Antibiotic Resistance, Indiscriminate Use.

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