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Abstract

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE ABOUT HEPATITIS B VIRUS AND ITS TRANSMISSION FROM MOTHER TO CHILD AMONG A SAMPLE OF PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING THE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTERS IN BAGHDAD, IRAQ

Iman Ahmed Mohammed*, Anwar Ahmed Mohammed and Maha Hussein Mukhaiser

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most common viruses in the modern world and ranked by the WHO as one of the top ten killers. The virus is responsible for approximately 1.5 million deaths worldwide each year, two thirds of which are attributable to primary hepatic carcinoma following HBV infection. Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitudes towards hepatitis B and its transmission from mother to child among pregnant women attending the primary health center. Subjects and methods: A cross sectional study was carried for the period from 1st of Sep. /2018 – 15th of Nov. /2018, at ten primary health centers at Baghdad. A convenient sampling technique was conducted to choose the primary health centers; pregnant women 15-49 years old were included, pregnant women who refuse to participate or those who attending the health center as a second visit and more were excluded. A questionnaire was self-administered via face-to-face interviews. The questionnaire consisted of 26 items, divided into three parts: demographic information, knowledge of HBV, and attitudes about HBV. Results: The proportion who agreed to participate was high (93%). The most common age groups were (25-29) years old and (20-24) years old, (27.5%) and (26.5%) respectively. More than half of the women were housewives 144 (72%). more than half of the pregnant did not know that hepatitis B is caused by a virus 161 (80.5%).105 (52.5%) did not know that HBV can be transmitted through the use of unsafe needles, sharps, doing tattoo or during dentist visit and nearly (81.0%) did not know that HBV can be transmitted from mother to infant. 123 (61.5%) of the respondent agreed that the person with HBV should always be isolated to prevent HB infection to others. Conclusion: Pregnant women had insufficient general knowledge regarding HBV infection and their conception regarding mode of transmission, vaccination and prevention of MTCT were poor. Despite more respondent being aware of the importance of antenatal screening, neonatal vaccination and postnatal follow up of HBV; their attitude towards infected person were poor.

Keywords: Knowledge, attitude, hepatitis B virus, pregnant women.


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