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Abstract

“JIVHA PARIKSHAN” (TONGUE EXAMINATION) - AYURVEDIC AND MODERN APPROACH

Dr. Kalyani B. Thorat* and Dr. Anand V. Kalaskar

ABSTRACT

The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth of most vertebrates that manipulates food for mastication and is used in the act of swallowing. Tongue examination is mentioned as Jivha parikshan in Ayurveda. Detail study of tongue examination is necessary, as it is the mirror of digestive system and various diseases. Jivha parikshan has been classified as Vataja, Pittaja, Kaphaja and sannipataja in Yogaratnakara. Also in Ashthavidha parikshan the importance of Jivha parikshan is explained. Various Jivhagata rogas are explained by Sushruta, Vagbhata. While in modern science geographic tongue, black tongue, hairy tongue, scarlet red tongue etc have been explained. Tongue is the mirror of digestive system and various diseases. Considering importance of jivha parikshan in various diseases, this article throws light on jivhagata rogas and clinical findings in tongue pathology from modern aspect making it more easier to reach the diagnosis of disease with modern and Ayurvedic view.

Keywords: Tongue examination, Jivha parikshan, Jivhagata rogas, Ayurveda, Modern.


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