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Abstract

QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF TRAPA BISPINOSA ROXB. LEAVES EXTRACT

Kapil M. Agrawal and Neelam S. Methwani*

ABSTRACT

Leaves of Trapa bispinosa roxb. were shade dried, powdered, and was extracted using solvents petroleum ether by successive solvent extraction method and the extracts were tested for the confirmation of phytoconstituents (carbohydrates, polyphenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, saponins, steroids etc.) The literature has suggest that the preliminary phytochemical investigation of crude extracts revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, phenols, glycosides, tannins, saponins, carbohydrates in the different parts of plant Trapa bispinosa roxb. such as fruits, fruit kernels, stem, roots and leaves which has been reported their use as Antimicrobial, Antibacterial, Anti-inflammatory, Antidiabetic, Neuroprotective effect and immunomodulatory activity. The phytochemical investigation of leaves of Trapa bispinosa roxb. shows the presence of carbohydrates, phenols, saponins, carboxylic acid, fixed oils and fats in petroleum ether extract. These findings provided the evidences that solvent extract of this plant have important phytoconstituents which may show their similar use in the traditional medicines for the treatment of various diseases as well as nutritive purpose.

Keywords: Trapa Bispinosa Roxb. Phytochemical Analysis, Plant Extracts.


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