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Shima Abdin Adam, Ahmed O. Almobarak, Mohamed El heweris,
Otba Mustafa Hassan, Hisham Ali Waggiallah*


Background: This is descriptive study was conducted at Khartoum State during the period from January 2012 to July 2012. The aim of this study was to determine the cytological findings in urine from HIV positive Sudanese patients. Methods: Samples were collected from HIV Clinic in Bashaier Hospital; Urine cytological smears were prepared at Faculty of Medical Lab Sciences, University of Medical Sciences and Technology. Urine samples were collected from 59 HIV positive patients, HIV infection in patients involved in this study was confirmed by ELISA. Samples were centrifuged and smears were prepared and stained with Papanicolaou stain. Result: 59 patients 37 (62.7%) were males, and 22 (37.3%) were females. The age of patients ranged between 20 - 60 years. Out of the 59 cases, 46 (77.9%) smears reported as negative, 8 (13.6%) as Bacterial infections, 3 (5.1%) as Trichomonas, and 2 (3.4%) smears showed BK polyoma virus changes (Decoy cells). The study revealed that duration of the HIV infection was correlated to cytology findings; however on 45 of patients (account to 76%) the duration of the disease was from 1 week to 240 weeks. Conclusion: Urine cytology is a simple, rapid, and cost-effective method, which can be used in low resource settings, such as in Sudan. Urine cytology is a useful follow up tool for detection of infections in HIV patients, specifically viral infections.

Keywords: urine, cytology, HIV.

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