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Abstract

KNOWLEDGE OF DIABETIC PATIENTS ABOUT SYMPTOMS AND SELF-MANAGEMENT OF NON-SEVERE HYPOGLYCEMIA IN SUDANESE PATIENTS

Waheeba M. A. Hamid*, Nuha M. E. Agabna and Sulaf I. Abedelaziz

Abstract

Hypoglycemia is the most common acute complication of diabetes and can limit therapeutic efforts to improve glycemic control. This study aimed to evaluate the diabetic patient's knowledge about the symptoms of mild hypoglycemia and their practice in treatment of such symptoms. A total of 200 patients attending the diabetic centers during August 2017 were included. Data was collected by direct interview. About 58% were above 55 years of age. The common symptoms of hypoglycemia known to the study subjects were sweating (48%), dizziness (32%), and shakiness (32%). Generally the study group 151 (75.5%) were regarded to have poor knowledge about non-severe hypoglycemia symptoms, as they failed to recognize less than three symptoms. About 79% recognized a source of sugar to self treat hypoglycemia, but 89% did not know what to do if symptoms of hypoglycemia returned 15 minuets later. Statistical analysis revealed that gender, age, and education level were not associated with knowledge about hypoglycemia. Whereas the duration of disease, and type of treatment were significantly associated with good knowledge about hypoglycemia.

Keywords: Hypoglycemia, knowledge about hypoglycemia, self treatment, diabetes mellitus.


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