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Abstract

A CRITICAL REVIEW ON URDHWA SHAKHAGATA AVEDHYA SIRA AND ITS CORELATION WITH MODERN ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES BY CADAVERIC DISSECTION IN CONTEXT TO SIRA MARMA AND ITS VIDDHI LAKSHANA

Dr. Bhagyashree M. Kachare*, Dr. Deepnarayan V. Shukla and Dr. Dnyaneshwar Meshram

Abstract

Ayurveda the science of life gives a vast description on human body and its anatomy in sharirsthana. While explaining the definition of sharir i.e. human body acharya have clearly stated that shakhas are also important parts in the formation of sharir. Ayurvedic classical text mention that there are four limbs, middle trunk as fifth part, sixth one is sheer and this forms shadangasharir. Thus knowledge regarding shakha and its sirasharir is important for a physician, to understand pathology, diagnose, and management of various diseases. The way basti is called the ardhachikitsa in ayurvedic medicine (half therapeutic modality of ayurvedic medicine) similarly in surgical aspect. Raktmokshanaplays important role in pacifying those diseases, which cannot be cured by snehanadiupkramas. Siravedhana is one of the method of raktamokshana. Raktamokshana or blood letting is a effective treatment from surgical aspects. Here impure blood with vitiated dosha is lett out by various methods and Siravedhana is one of the method of raktamokshana. There are total 700 sira‟s mentioned in ayurveda. They are known to provide nutrition to body in the same way as like various channels provide water supply to the field. Out of these 700 siras, 98 sira‟s are avedhyasira‟s. Avedhyasira‟s are those sira‟s that are strictly contraindicated for venepuncture. Thus to treat patient with this treatment modality knowledge regarding its contraindications and fatal effects becomes a key point to remember for a physcian. This literature work is a small effort to study urdhwashakhagataavedhyasira‟s. Out of 98 avedhyasira‟stotal sixteenavedhyasira‟s are found in shakhas. Out of these 8 avedhyasira‟s are found in urdhwashakha or upperlimb.

Keywords: Avedhyasira, siramarma, jaldhara, bahvi, lohitaksha.


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