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Abstract

DRUG USE EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTICS IN NON TEACHING TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Ravi Pratap Pulla*, V. Satyanarayana, J. Sankeerthana, A. J. Vishali, D. Himaja,
B. Prashanthi

Abstract

Objective: The main objective is to investigate the irrationality ofprescribing patterns of antibiotics in prescription. This helps inimprovise rationality of antibiotics by enhancing quality of life andsocio-economic status of patient. Methodology: It is a prospectiveobservational study done at Asian Institute of GastroenterologyHospital, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, Telangana. Results: A total of 170patients consisting of 101 males (59.4%) and 69 females (40.54%)were enrolled. Among these majority of patients 45(26.47%) were inthe age group of 41-50 years. 92(54.12%) patients were prescribedwith antibiotics in General Medicine department. The most commonlyprescribed antibiotics were Cephalosporin’s and tetracyclines. Majorityof drugs 66.32% with single drug was prescribed in General Medicinedepartment followed by 23.68% in Neurology. Of the 170 patientsanalyzed in various departments, it was observed that hospital physicians prescribedantibiotics more rationally with no banned drugs and lesser newer drugs. Conclusion: Thisstudy states that development of clinical pharmacy services is also necessary to improverational prescribing of antibiotics. Utilizing of clinical pharmacy services shows benefit ofpatient health related outcomes and also improves the economic status of patients.

Keywords: Antibiotics, Prescribing pattern, Antibiotic resistance, Cephalosporin’s, General Medicine, Neurology, Quality of Life.


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