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Abstract

STUDY OF BACTERIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICAL AALYSIS OF DRINKING WATER OF ALL BLOCKS OF BASTI DISTRICT (U.P)

Sneha Khadse*

Abstract

The present study was According to the World Health Organization; approximately 5% of all deaths in these countries are directly related to water diseases resulting from poor quality of drinking water and lack of hygiene and sanitation. The aim of this study was to determine the water quality of all blocks in district Basti. A total of 1036 bacteriological and 756 chemical drinking water samples were collected from various water sources in different places and the samples were analyzed to assess bacteriological and chemical quality of water for coli form count by membrane filtration technique and chemical analysis. A total biological of 27.7%% (288/1036) samples from various sources were found to be unfit for human consumption. Of the total 288 unsatisfactory samples, while 72.20% (748/1036) samples found to be fit for human consumption. carried out to assess the ground water quality of various blocks of district Basti (U.P) during June-July 2018.Total 1036 bacteriological water samples and 756 chemical water samples were collected from hand pumps at different locations of all 14 blocks of basti. The block name such as bahadurpur, bankati, basti, dubaulia, gaur, harrayya, kaptanganj, kudraha, parasrampur, ramnagar, rudhauli, saltauwa gopalpur, saughat, vikramjot. The water sample were analyses for their biological property such as total coli form and e.coli and chemical property such as color, conductivity, alkalinity, total hardness, chloride, TDS, odour, turbidity etc. In developing countries, biological and chemical contamination of drinking water is a major concern for public health authorities. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 5% of all deaths in these countries are directly related to water diseases resulting from poor quality of drinking water and lack of hygiene and sanitation. The aim of this study was to determine the water quality of all blocks in district Basti. A total of 1036 bacteriological and 756 chemical drinking water samples were collected from various water sources in different places and the samples were analyzed to assess bacteriological and chemical quality of water for coli form count by membrane filtration technique and chemical analysis. A total biological of 27.7%% (288/1036) samples from various sources were found to be unfit for human consumption. Of the total 288 unsatisfactory samples, while 72.20% (748/1036) samples found to be fit for human consumption. Conclusion: It is therefore important to determine the quality, microbial diversity from water sources consumed by the people, because humans are vulnerable to different kinds of diseases. Bacteriological assessment of all water sources for drinking should be planned and conducted on a regular basis to prevent water borne dissemination of diseases.

Keywords: Water quality; Coli forms; Escherichia coli; Membrane filtration method Turbidity, odor, TDS, chloride, total hardness, alkalinity, conductivity, colour.


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