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Abstract

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF GUAZUMA ULMIFOLIA

C.Selvaraj, Haripriya.R, Naveen Raj .D and P.Thirumalai Vasan*

Abstract

The preliminary phytochemical analysis of ethanolic extract of Guazuma ulmifolia was analysized. The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrate, flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, protein, saponins , terpenoids and tannins. The phytocompounds were separated using thin layer chromatography. The antibacterial activity of separated phytocompunds such as alkaloids, flavonoids , saponins, tannins and terpenoids were tested against human pathogenic bacterial strains such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca , Klebsiella pneumonia , Salmonella typhi and Staphylococcus aureus. The saponins compounds exhibited promising activity against tested bacterial pathogens.

Keywords: flavonoids , saponins, tannins and terpenoids.


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