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Abstract

SYZYGIUM AROMATICUM (CLOVE): A REVIEW ON VARIOUS PHYTOCHEMICALS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN MEDICINAL PLANT

Seema Yadav*, Sujeet Kumar Gupta, Diksha Bharti and Bhumika Yogi

Abstract

Syzygium aromaticum is general name is clove. That is belonging to family myrtaceae. Clove is famous the Indian flavor used as spice and medicinal properties are contained. They are mainly ayurvedic medicine used in ayurveda. It a dark brown colour, taste pungent, odour is slightly aromatic. Clove-bud is extract obtained from the essential oil. Essential oil are also called as volatile-oil (aromatic oil). Eugenol is a main chemical constituent of the clove. It used in as expectorant, teeth care, as anesthesia. They solvent system n-Hexane, petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol, methanol, water are used in separation of eugenol from clove. Clove has containing more phytochemical constituents such as eugenol, acetyl eugenol, Alpha and Beta-caryophyllene, vanillin, tannins etc. that the clove has shows some pharmacological activities such as anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti -microbial, antiinflammatory, anti-pyretic, anti-viral, anti-diabetic, anesthetic, analgesic, anti-carcinogenic, antibacterial, antifungal, antibiotic. The review represents an overview phytochemical and pharmacologically activity on the syzygium aromaticum.

Keywords: Introduction of clove, phylotoxy of plant, pharmacognosy, phytochemicals, pharmacological activity of syzygium aromaticum.


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