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Abstract

REVIEW STUDY OF DHATWAGNIMANDYA (HYPOTHYROIDISM) AND ITS AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT

Dr. Priyanka Mourya*, Dr. Abhishek Bhushan Sharma and Dr. C. M. Kansal

Abstract

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormones, which decreases the basal metabolic rate. Principal function of the thyroxine is to act as a catalyst for the maintenance of oxidative metabolism. These functions have similarity with the description of Agni in Ayurveda. All the metabolic processes of the body are under the control of agni (jatharagni, bhutagni & dhatvagni). Dhatwagni depends on jatharagni, so jatharagnimandya leads to dhatwagnimandya. There is no direct description of hypothyroidism in Ayurveda but on the basis of its clinical presentation hypothyroidism can be correlated with dhatwagnimandya (ras and meda dhatwagnimandya). The modern treatment of hypothyroidism is Levothyroxine but it has side-effects on long term use include cardiovascular changes, increased frequency of atrial premature beats and, left ventricular hypertrophy and reduced bone density and bone mass.[1] Thus in order to prevent life-long medication and side effects of synthetic drugs, using traditional and natural substance for treatment of Dhatwagnimandya (Hypothyroidism) and includes drugs having kapha-vata pacifying rasa, agni deepana, and ama pachana- gunas, lekhan, strotoshodhan, anulomana which may help in normalizing the agni and level of pitta in the body. so the aim of the study is correlation of Hypothyroidism with Dhatwagnimandya and providing provable treatment for hypothyroidism in ayurveda.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism, Agnimandya, Dhatwagnimandya, Ayurvedic management.


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