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Abstract

REVIEW ARTICLE ON ANATOMICAL STUDY OF JANU SANDHI AS A VAIKALYAKAR MARMA IN KHANJATA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO KNEE INJURIES IN KABADDI PLAYERS

*Vd. Snehal Shivaji Jadhav, Vd. Manisha Kishanrao Dawre and Vd. Sangeeta Gorakshanath Kanade

Abstract

Marma are the vital points in the human body & marmas are 107 in number. Marma are classified into five categories according to Rachana that are – Mans, Sira, Snayu, Asthi, Sandhi marma. According to Parinam marma are classified into - Sadyapranahara, Kalantarapranahara, Vishalyaghna, Vaikalyakara & Rujakara marma. Vaikalyakara marma are the points where injury causes structural and functional deformity. In human body total 44 vaikalyakara marma are present out of which 12 are present in Adhoshakha. They are Kurcha, Janu, Aani, Urvi, Lohitaksha, & vitap. Janu Marma is considered as a Sandhi & Vaikalyakara Marma. Injury to Janu Marma causes Khanjata. Khanjata is very much similar to limping of leg, which is commonly seen in people with knee injury. Knee injuries are most commonly seen in Kabaddi players. Kabaddi is the most popular sport in India, in fact in most parts of Asia. Kabaddi is very rough & tough game. Nature of defence & group offence makes Kabaddi players prone to injuries especially the knee injuries. The purpose of the article is to review research on common injuries in kabaddi players, studying anatomy of the knee joint so that coaches & physical education directors can understand biomechanics & can correct motions of the players & may also develop new effective techniques for better execution of sport motion & in turn preventing injuries.

Keywords: Marma, Khanjata, Vaikalyakar marma, Knee injuries, Kabaddi.


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