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Abstract

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF ASHTANG YOG & AYURVED

Dr. Nilesh Dhavale* and Dr. Manoj Nimbalkar

Abstract

Ayurved Has its own Holistic Approach towards life. Good health stands at very root of virtuous act (Dharma), Acquirement of wealth (Artha), Gratification of desire (Kama), Final Emancipation (Moksha). In Basic Principles of Ayurved, Moksha i.e. liberation from World is the ultimate aim to gain Harmony. To achieve this harmony, one should regularly do Yoga. Acharya Patanjali has mentioned Ashtang Yoga for Healthy mind and Body. Ashtang Yoga includes Yama (Moral Code), Niyama (Personal discipline), Asana (Yoga Positions or Yogic Postures), Pranayam (Yogic Breathing), Pratyahara (Withdrawal of Senses), Dharana (Concentration on Object), Dhyan (Meditation), Samadhi (Salvation). Samadhi is a State of Super bliss, joy and merging individual consciousness in to universal consciousness. Union between Jivatman and Paramatman. Union of Shiva and Shakti in Sahasrar Chakra (the top of the head). Realizing the Bramhan (pure consciousness) or Realization of God is the ultimate achievement of Human Birth. As Ashtang yog & Ayurved Shares some equal principle of Human Existence and there aim towards life, both of them are helping each other for welfare of Human. Panchakosh in Ayurved are being compared with yoga for better Understanding the concept. Acharya Patanjali has mentioned Anatarang Yog for Enhance and maintain Healthy Body and Mind and Bahiranga Yoga for Promotes Spiritual Upliftment. By this we can conclude that both Ayurved and Ashtang Yog are aiming to achieve Moksha.

Keywords: Ashtang yoga, panchkosh, Patanjali, moksha.


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