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Abstract

MANAGEMENT OF DADRU KUSHTHA (TINEA CRURIS) THROUGH AYURVEDA– A CASE STUDY

Vd. Sujata J. Laddha*, Vd. Vishal Sureka and Vd. Pradnya S. Swan

Abstract

Introduction: Skin is a largest organ of human body. Good health depends upon healthy body, mind and spirit. So it is important to pay attention to our largest body part i.e. our skin. Size and external location makes it susceptible to various disorders. In current era, incidence of skin diseases is also a big problem specialy in developing countries like India. Ayurveda explained all the skin diseases under a broad heading called ‘Kushtha’ which is further classified in two main types Mahakushtha and Kshudrakushtha. Dadru is one among them. Dadru is explained as Kshudrakushtha by Aacharya Charaka. whereas Acharya Sushrut and Acharya Vagbhat explained it under Mahakushtha. The main lakshanas of Dadru include Kandu (Itching), Utsanna (elevated circular lesions), Mandala (Circular Patches), Raaga (Erythema), and Pidakas (Papule). The samprapti of Dadru mainly involves vitiation of Pitta-kapha doshas and dushti of rasavaha and raktavaha strotas. Due to similar charactersticks Dadru can be correlated to Tinea/ Fungal Infections. In modern medical science, it is managed with topical and systemic antifungal agents and use of corticosteroids. In Ayurveda Shodhan, Shaman and Bahirparimarjan (topical) Chikitsa is indicated for Dadru. The present work has been undertaken to evaluate the the effect of Ayurvedic management in Dadru chikitsa. Aim: To evaluate the the effect of Ayurvedic management in Dadru chikitsa. Objectives: 1.To analyse the effect of Ayurvedic management of Dadru. 2. To collect the information regarding etiopathogenesis and treatment of Dadru through both Ayurvedic and modern perspective. Materials and Methods: A 30 yr old female patient came to Skin OPD, Government Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Nagpur with chief complaints of Reddish Black coloured Patchy ring like discoloration along with Itching and Scaling covered major portion of buttocks since 3 years but the symptoms elevated in last 1 month. The patient was treated with Ayurvedic chikitsa. Information regarding Dadru and its chikitsa is collected from Reference books, Samhitas, Research papers, etc. Discussion: Acharya Charaka and Vagbhata explained that Dadru is Pitta- Kaphapradhan Vyadhi and According to Acharya Sushrut Dadru is Kaphapradhan vyadhi. Rasa and Rakta are the main dhatus involved in the samprapti. Shodhana, shaman and Bahirparimarjana chikitsa I.e. lepa chikitsa is used for the treatment of Dadru. Conclusion: Ayurvedic Chikitsa Upkramas explained by our Acharyas like Shodhana (Nity mrudu virechan), Shaman (by using Formulations like Arogyavardhini Vati, Gandhak Rasayan, RasaRaktapachak Kwath) and Bahiparimarjana (External application of Aargvadh Chakramard Takralepa) are very effective in management of Dadru Kushtha will be proved which will be documented for further case studies.

Keywords: Dadru, Tines cruris, Shaman Chikitsa.


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