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Abstract

A CRITICAL REVIEW ON CONCEPT OF SARA IN AYURVEDA

Vinita Dhruw*, Gitanjali Sasmal and Vinay Bhardwaj

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Abstract

In Ayurveda science, Sara is comprising of the essence of Dhatu hence called as “Vishuddhataro Dhatu”. It deals with the whole individual, his body, body’s structure and functions and mental setup characteristics of a person which proved to be helpful choose the strength of an individual. The clinical examination of a Rogi(patient) in Ayurveda is based various tools to diagnose various diseases one of them is Rog (Disease) and Rogi Pareeksha. For Rogi Pareeksha Some of Pareeksha in Ayurveda which is performed to understand the Bala and Sthiramsha of an individual Sara Pareeksha is one of them. Which is a vital diagnostic tool and is one altogether the ten kinds of method of examination under Dasavidha Pareeksha. It primarily assesses the strength of an individual. Sara helps in assessing Bala and Sthiramsha of an individual. Sara is the purest form of Dhatus. Sara concept is related with Agni, Prakriti, Bala and excellence of all Dhatus and also related with food intake. Owing to the unending transformations or metabolism taking place in the body, Dhatus also differentiate in to Sara Bhaga and Kitta Bhaga, the ratio of which vary individually. The excellent features of each Dhatu is manifested as Sara in each individual in the physiological as well as psychological level. Therefore, this concept of Sara in Ayurveda is given as applied physiology in form of Sara Lakhsana is very scientific understanding physiology, psychology and susceptibility to diseases of an individual. The concept of Sara mainly focuses on material available on Dhatu Sara in Ayurvedic literature, Various research papers and studies that establishes its significance in Ayurveda. Studies also conducted on Asthi Sara, Majja Sara, Rakta Sara and overall Dhatu Sara have been reported in this article.

Keywords: Dhatu, Agni, Prakriti, Bala, Dasavidha Pareeksha.


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