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Best Paper Award :
Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen
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Abstract

THE PROGRESSING GENESIS OF OBESITY: A REVIEW

Megha Rana, Shivani Dhiman, Monika, Amanpreet Kaur* and Naresh Singh Gill

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Abstract

When abnormal amount of fats get deposited into an individual’s body this condition leads to obesity. This takes place when energy intake exceeds than energy expenditure over time. The obesity epidemic is the outcome of a multifaceted intricate interaction between environmental factors, genetic susceptibility, and human behavior. Overweight and obese children are likely to stay obese into adulthood, and more likely to develop non-communicable co-morbid disease like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age. Sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary habits and the aging of the population are the secondary causes of obesity generally go undetected and untreated. Hypothalamic obesity is a rare syndrome that can be caused by trauma, tumor, inflammatory disease, surgery in the posterior fosse increased intracranial pressure. The amount of energy intake relative to energy expenditure is the central reason for the development of obesity. Many other factors are accountable for the progression of obesity such as hyperthyroidism, certain drugs, PCOS, nicotine withdrawal and many more. Some patients may benefit from targeted behavioral therapies, while others may benefit from surgery. The most difficult task will be to alter our lifestyles so that weight gain does not become unavoidable for a huge percentage of the population.

Keywords: Obesity, genesis of obesity, etiology of obesity, dietary fat, maternal obesity, factors, hypothalamic obesity, Cushing’s disease, weight gain, hormonal imbalance.


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