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Abstract

A REVIEW OF AN IMPORTANT MINERAL GANDHAKA

Prof. Dr. Inamdar Mahesh Prabhakar*

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Abstract

Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics is a branch related with manufacturing of Ayurvedic drugs. The main sources of Ayurvedic medicines are Vanaspatija (originated from medicinal plants), Pranija(Animal originated) and Khanija(Minerals and Metals) dravyas. The study of preparations of medicines from minerals and metals comes under Rasashastra. The study of minerals is classified under Maharasa, Uparasa and Sadharanarasa. Gandhaka holds prime importance in Ayurveda due to its miraculous properties. The Gandhaka or Sulphur is an important mineral in Rasashastra which has a strong relation with Parada or Mercury while preparing Rasoushadhis. Gandhaka murchchana in Parada is very important as this murchchchana creats vyadhinashana property in Parada. Gandhaka comes under Uparasa category according to Rasa Ratna Samucchaya. The basic aim of this article is to explore, understand and review various concepts regarding Gandhaka as this mineral is being in use since Samhita period. While conducting review of literature Samhita granthas, various Text books of Rasashastra, Rasa granthas, textbooks written by authors of 20th century along with these references from internet have been used as materials. The methodology used was initially all the references were collected from literature materials and the information was classified under various categories. Information has been collected from vedic period up to this modern period. Mythological origin, vernacular names, various synonyms, occurrence, types, various shodhan processes along with its properties and uses have been studied in detail and discussed in this article.

Keywords: Rasashastra, Uparasa, Gandhaka, Sulphur, Shodhana.


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