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Abstract

STUDY ON AWARENESS AND KNOWLEDGE IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN TUMKUR, KARNATAKA

H. B. Kavya*, Lavanya R. and Merin Boban

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Abstract

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a life long illness characterized by hyperglycemia. The present study aimed to determine the level of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of patients with type 2 diabetes using questionnaires. Materials and Methods: A prospective interview-based interventional study was carried out for six months among patients with T2DM in Tumkur. A total of 115 patients were interviewed. Patients were subjected to 2 health education sessions where information about type 2 diabetes was provided. Knowledge, awareness, and glycemic control were assessed before and two months after the intervention. Data were collected, analyzed, and interpreted using descriptive statics. Results: After implementation of educational intervention study results reveal a significant improvement in KAP among both the men and women following counseling. The mean score during the preintervention was 13 (SD ±5.54), and it was improved to a mean score of 25(SD±4.24). Conclusion: From these results suggest that education and intervention programs are needed to increase awareness of type 2 diabetes mellitus for enhancing their knowledge and practice, which in turn help them to lead a healthy life.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, knowledge, attitude, practice, education intervention.


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