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Abstract

EVALUATION ON PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF DRUGS IN CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

Dr. Mohammed Mustafa G.*, Ashly Ann Varghese and Fathima Khanum

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Abstract

Background: In spite of the convincing evidence stating the effect of medications in the secondary prevention of Coronary artery disease, an enormous number of drugs were prescribed. Studying prescribing patterns can help better understand the current trends in prescribing. Aim: To assess the prescribing pattern of drugs in patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Materials and Methods: A Prospective, Observational Study was conducted for 6 months among the inpatients presenting with coronary artery disease,150 inpatients from the department of cardiology were enrolled in the study. The data was collected analyzed and interpreted using descriptive statistics. Results: Out of 150 patients, 108 males and 42 females were enrolled in the study, accounting for about 72% of males and 28% of females. We observed that the maximum number of patients were from the age group 41-60 years with a proportion of 48%. Among the study population, the patients were diagnosed to have at least 1-2 co-morbidities. while assessing the prescribing pattern Antiplatelets (99.30%), Antihyperlipedimics (82.60%) and Antihypertensives (81.2%), Organic Nitrates (53%), Antianginal drugs (52%), Anticoagulant (24%), Antiarrhythmics (10.6%) were the prescribed cardiovascular drugs. Drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions were found. Conclusion: The study gave a clear image of prescriber preferences of drugs used in Coronary Artery Disease. The results of the study can offer an outlook to physicians and may help them to improve rational prescribing. Systematic monitoring and productive strategies must be applied to enhance patient compliance to attain a better outcome.

Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease, Cardiovascular drugs, secondary prevention Comorbidity, medication.


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