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Abstract

RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETIC CARDIOMYOPATHY (DCM)

*Raju K. Dhavale, H. V. Kamble, Ashvini Andhale and Santosh Waghmare

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Abstract

The type 1 and 2 diabetic patients are at increased risk of cardiomyopathy and heart failure is a major cause of death for these patients. Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is associated with most known risk factors for cardiac failure seen in the overall population, including hypertension, diabeties, coronary artery disease (CAD), obesity, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, Atherosclerosis, hyperglycemia and the changes between insulin and high blood pressure. The association between mortality and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in patients with diabetes mellitus and heart failure. The diabetes mellitus are a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The narrowing of coronary arteries form a plague. The Plague become delicate and break a blood clot will quickly from that can block blood flow in the arteries and may leads to a myocardial infraction or Atherosclerosis. The hypertension (>140/90 mm Hg) is common among patient with diabetes with prevalence depending on type and duration of diabetes, age, body mass index (BMI) and history. The main prevalence of metabolic syndrome in United States exceeds 20% persons near 20 years of age and 40% of those > 40 years of age. In case of Atherosclerosis the buildup of cholesterol inside the arteries and hardening of coronary arteries and may cause low blood pressure. Obesity and overweight are linked to a several factors that increase ones risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The hyperglycemia increases the level of free fatty acids and cause abnormalities in substrate supply and utilization, calcium hemeostasis and lipid metabolism. The insulin causes your body to retain salt and fluid, which is one way diabetes increase your risk for high blood pressure.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Coronary artery disease, Hypertension, Metabolic Syndrome, Obesity, Age, Atherosclerosis, Hyperglycemia and Insulin.


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