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Abstract

FAULTY AND WHOLESOME LIFE STYLE FOR PATIENTS OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE II W.S.R. TO MADHUMEHA- A REVIEW STUDY

Deepika Gupta*, Ram Kishor Joshi and Dr. Bharat Padhar

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus Type II is a life style disorder and precipitates due to faulty diet and life style and the incidence of it is increasing day by day. India is considered as world’s capital of diabetes with 77 million patients in 2020 as estimated by IDF. Scientists are in continuous search for newer anti-diabetic drugs and also searching for diabetes specific food items to achieve good glycemic control. Despite all efforts insulin remains the only option at the end to match the health crises caused by chronic hyperglycemia. Running behind treatment option and worrying about ingested calories people forget to think about the extra calories that are not used by the body and get stored in the form of glycogen and fat but can be easily get ridden by changing their life style only. Objective: To put light on Apathya Vihara (faulty life style) and Pathya Vihara (wholesome life style) as mentioned by different Acharyas in their Samhitas and to validate them with study available in current era. Data source: Ayurveda texts, different articles and research papers available online. Review Method: We searched for relevant contents in Ayurveda text and then related terms on online databases to validate their relevance in present era. Result: Sedentary life style is most common factor that contributes in precipitating diseases like obesity and diabetes mellitus type II, also there are different physical activates that are advised not only by scholars of ancient India but also by contemporary researchers that lowers blood sugar levels in short term. These activities increases insulin sensitivity and hence the muscle cells are better able to use any available insulin to take up glucose during and after activity. Activities that controls blood sugar level not only includes physical exercise but also includes other common activities like regular walking, regulating sleep hours, regulated sexual activity, passive muscular movement in the form of body massage, regular practice of Yoga, and many more which are validated by both ancient and contemporary researchers. Conclusion: This can be concluded that life style related metabololic disorders like Diabetes Mellitus type II and Obesity can be prevented and managed by adopting and avoiding some specific life style related activity as advised by different Acharyas.

Keywords: Life style modification, Pathya-Apathya Vihara, Madhumeha, Prameha.


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